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"Publius Vergilius Maro" (October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called "Virgil" or "Vergil" in English, was an ancient Rome/ancient Roman poet of the Augustan literature (ancient Rome)/Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the Eclogues (or Bucolics), the Georgics, and the Epic poetry/epic Aeneid. A number of minor poems, collected in the Appendix Vergiliana, are sometimes attributed to him.

Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His Aeneid has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome from the time of its composition to the present day. Modeled after Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, the Aeneid follows the Trojan War/Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and arrive on the shores of Italy—in Roman mythology the founding act of Rome. Virgil's work has had wide and deep influence on Western literature, most notably Dante's Divine Comedy, in which Virgil appears as Dante's guide through hell and purgatory.

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